Dictation Resources

Introduction:


 

The following excerpts (over 200) are intended to serve as a resource for tonal dictation practice for a two-year undergraduate sequence. Special preference is given to woodwind and brass instruments, with some orchestral and vocal excerpts as well. Solo piano and string quartet repertoire by Haydn, Mozart, and Beethoven has been purposefully deemphasized, since these categories are usually well-represented in the written theory classroom. A secondary goal of this collection is to expose students to more repertoire, although a limiting factor was the difficulty of many famous pieces. Rather, preference is given to excerpts that have memorable tonal melodies at moderate tempos. And since I wished to include the original score for reference, excerpts mostly had to be in the public domain to be on IMSLP, which means they were published before about 1940.

Audio has been edited from recordings available on Youtube (with performers indicated), and PDF or PNG scores are provided for the student and the instructor, as well as of the original score, when available.

A word about copyright: this collection falls under the “fair use” clause since it is for education, has not been monetized, is password protected, and only includes small parts of the original recordings and scores.

Methodology:


 

Most aural skills teachers rely on non-repertoire-based dictation exercises primarily played in person on the piano. The advantages to such an approach are that it’s simple (low-tech) and important lines can be voiced-out easily by volume or register (it is often useful to play the bass down an octave on the piano for bass dictations). I believe the main reason teachers don’t use repertoire more is because it is a lot of work to seek out and prepare recordings and scores for students. My hope is that this collection can fill this need. Still, there are pros and cons to this approach.

The advantages of using repertoire emphasizing many instruments, rather than exercises at the piano, are:

  • Students enjoy hearing their own instruments
  • The music is usually more interesting
  • Timbral variety is a realistic challenge
  • Students gain familiarity with important repertoire
  • It’s fun to hear the recordings of great performers and ensembles

Disadvantages of using repertoire are:

  • Preparation is time-consuming
  • A large pool of examples is needed to target specific topics effectively and create a smooth progression from simple to complex
  • Students may recognize the example
  • Technology in the classroom is a hassle

My hope is that this collection will solve the first two disadvantages. Regarding the third, the student will still have to transcribe the melody from his or her own memory. Transcription is the primary objective of dictation; the memorization is only the first half the task. To that end, familiar tunes (“Happy Birthday,” “Mary Had a Little Lamb”) can be used in the initial stages, played at the piano, to skip over the memorization step.

Concerning technology, the students’ blank score could be projected on the wall, and students copy the information to their own paper (saving the teacher making photocopies). Then, the example would be played any number of times, and finally the solution is projected and students correct their work. Alternatively, scores may be provided for students, which saves class time. Answers might be printed on the back of the paper so students can correct their own work. For “take-home” dictations (see below), files can simply be emailed to students as a link. In my experience, preparing photocopies beforehand is undoubtably the most efficient use of class time, since much  time is wasted with the perpetual questions of “What key? How many bars? What time signature? Is there a pickup?” Then more precious minutes are wasted as students ask neighbors for staff paper and have to draw empty measures.

Naturally, PDFs and PNGs for students do not include the name of the excerpt. In most cases, a first pitch is given; in others, additional clues, such as a harmonic analysis, an ornament, or a rhythm may also be provided. Many students suffer from extreme anxiety when it comes to dictation, and providing the first pitch greatly increases their chances of success. And often when students do have the right starting pitch, they write in the wrong octave anyway.

The length and approximate range of the melody are indicated. The longer melodies may be assigned as a “take-home” dictation, meaning the student may listen as many times as they wish at home. (But be aware that direct links to the file on this website will include a folder name with the excerpt’s title.) To prevent the possibility of collaboration, students can be required to transcribe a “take-home” melody again in class after a reduced number of hearings. Some excerpts include the possibility for a Roman Numeral analysis. This can be an extension activity after the dictation, especially for those students who finish before their peers.

Regarding providing the first pitch, I recommend that the class listen to the excerpt before the blank staves are given out. After the class can sing the opening of the melody on a neutral syllable, an individual student should be asked to give the first scale degree. Only then should the instructor distribute the answer blanks.

Some melodies may have been placed in other categories. For instance, one question is whether the chromaticism is in the melody or the accompaniment. In general, if the melody was diatonic, I placed it in a diatonic category, unless the chromaticism in the accompaniment was very prevalent. Long melodies with internal repetitions were categorized as “medium” in length.

As a reminder, teachers may choose to do only a portion of the longer excerpts if they are found to be too difficult. On occasion, multiple options are provided for the student–some provide an accompaniment and some a harmonic analysis.

Original markings are included in the answer score. All bar numbers begin with “1,” even if the excerpt is taken from the middle of a piece.

Please email me at the address on the right sidebar if you find any links that don’t work. Thank you for your help, and I hope this collection proves useful.

Suggested Vocal Warm Up:


A vocal warm up in the key of the exercise helps orient students aurally and improves success. (Beware that some of the recordings are at different pitch levels.) Transpose any phrase by octave as needed based on the range. Sing on scale degrees, fixed-do solfège, or neutral syllable.

Vocal Warm Up PDF

Folk Tunes for Dictation:


 

These well-known tunes are useful introductions into dictation. Because students usually already know them, the first part of dictation (memorization) is already taken care of, and students can focus on transcribing the melody into scale degrees and then into a particular key.

Folk Tunes PDF

Index by Topic:


Diatonic, major, stepwise/tonic leaps and diatonic neighbors
Diatonic, minor, stepwise/tonic leaps and diatonic neighbors
Diatonic, major, dominant (7th) Leaps
Diatonic, major, subdominant (6^)
Diatonic, minor, subdominant (6^):
Diatonic, minor, variable 6^ & 7^:
Diatonic, large leaps
Major key, using #4^
Minor key, using #4^:
Non-modulating chromaticism (applied chords, N, P)
Modulating to V from major or minor
Modulating to III from minor
Modulating to not V or III, or multiple
Modal
Ambiguous mode
Bass Dictation:
Outer Voice Dictation:

Diatonic, major, stepwise/tonic leaps and diatonic neighbors:

Back to Index

 Composer  Title  Performer  Instrument  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  Length  Range
 Bizet  Carmen Suite 2, La Garde Montante [opening]  London Festival Orchestra  Trumpet  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  short  plagal
 Beethoven  Symphony No. 1, Op. 21, II. Andante cantabile con moto, [opening]  Hanover Band  Violin  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  plagal
 Beethoven  Symphony No. 3, Op. 55, “Eroica,” III. Scherzo [opening]  Unknown  Oboe  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  short  authentic
 Beethoven  Symphony No. 5, Op. 67, II. Andante con moto [after reh. A]  NBC Symphony  Trumpet  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  short  plagal
 Brahms  Academic Festival Overture, Op. 80 [m.157]  London Symphony  Bassoon/Oboe  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  plagal
 Mahler  Symphony No. 1, “The Titan” I. [reh. 4]  Vienna Philharmonic [Bernstein]  Cellos  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  long  authentic
 Beethoven  Symphony No. 9, Op. 125 IV. [chorus]  West-Eastern Divan Orch. [Barenboim]  Chorus  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  long  plagal
 Brahms  Variations on a Theme by Haydn, Op. 56 [St. Anthony Chorale]  London Philharmonic  Oboes  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  long  plagal
 Mahler  Symphony No. 2, “Resurrection,” II. [opening]  London Phil. [Bernstein]  Strings  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  plagal
 Sibelius  Symphony No. 3, Op. 52, III. [m.246]  Göteburg Symphony  Cellos  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  long  plagal
 Brahms  49 Volkslieder, WoO 33, No. 11 “Jungfräulein, soll ich mich euch gehn”  Werner Güra (tenor)  Tenor solo  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  long  authentic
 Brahms  49 Volkslieder, WoO 33, No. 5 “Die Sonne scheint nicht mehr”  Werner Güra (tenor)  Tenor solo  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  authentic
 Brahms  49 Volkslieder, WoO 33, No. 5 “Es war eine schöne Jüdin”  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf (s.), Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau (bari.)  Bari./Sop.  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  narrow
 Handel  Messiah, Part 3, “The Trumpet Shall Sound”  Orchestra of the Antipodes, Leanne Sullivan (tpt.)  Trumpet  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  wide
 Bizet  Arlesienne Suite No. 2, Farandole [reh. D]  Philharmonia Orch. (Karajan)  Woodwinds  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  short  narrow
 Mendelssohn  A Midsummer Night’s Dream: Nocturne [opening]  Moscow City Symphony  Horn/Bsns.  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  long  plagal
 Rossini  William Tell, Overture [m.176]  London Symphony (Scholtz, cond.)  Eng. Horn/Flt.  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  plagal
 Rossini  William Tell, Overture [m.226]  London Symphony (Scholtz, cond.)  Trumpet  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  short  authentic
 Rossini  William Tell, Overture [m.252]  London Symphony (Scholtz, cond.)  Strings/winds  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  plagal
 Bizet  Symphony No. 2, “Roma” I. [opening]  National Orchestra of Lille  Horns  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  plagal
 Liszt  Symphony Poem No. 1, S. 91 “Mountain”  London Philharmonic (Haitink)  Trombones  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  short  narrow
 Brahms  49 Volkslieder, WoO 33, No. 20 “Schönster Schatz”  Hermann Prey (b.), Pamela Coburn (s.)  Bari./Sopr.  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  narrow
 Dvoràk  American Suite, Op. 98b, II. [reh. 12]  Royal Philharmonic  Oboe solo  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  plagal
 Cambini  Wind Quintet No. 3, I. Allegro maestoso [opening]  Avalon Wind Quintet  Wind Quintet  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  short  plagal
 Haydn  London Trio No. 3, I. Spiritoso  Kuijken Ensemble [half step lower]  Flutes, Cello  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  short  plagal
 Beethoven  Sonata for Piano and Horn, Op. 17. I.  Unknown  Horn solo  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  short  wide

 

Diatonic, minor, stepwise/tonic leaps and diatonic neighbors:

Back to Index

 Composer  Title  Performer  Instrument  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  Length  Range
 Bach, J.S.  Art of Fugue, Contrapunctus I [subject]  Canada Brass  Horn  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  short  authentic
 Bach, J.S.  G Minor Fugue “Little,” BWV 547 [subject]  Ton Koopman  Organ [half step sharp]  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  plagal
 Dvorák  Symphony No. 1, I. [opening]  Czech Philharmonic  Strings unison  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  authentic
 Dvorák  Symphony No. 9 “New World,” IV. [opening]  Simón Bolívar Youth Orchestra [Dudamel]  Brass tutti  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  authentic
 Mahler  Symphony No. 1, “The Titan,” III. [opening]  Vienna Philharmonic [Bernstein]  String Bass solo  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  long  authentic
 Mahler  Symphony No. 1, “The Titan,” III. [reh. 14]  Vienna Philharmonic [Bernstein]  E-flat Clarinet solo  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  plagal
 Brahms  49 Volkslieder, WoO 33, No. 3 “Guten Abend”  Peter Schreier (tenor)  Tenor solo  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  long  plagal
 Prokofiev  Lieutenant Kijé Suite, Op. 60, II. Romance [opening]  French National Orchestra  String bass solo  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  short  plagal
 Bizet  Arlesienne Suite No. 1, Overture  Phil. Orch. of Mexico  Orch. tutti unis.  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  long  plagal
 Strauss  Burlesque [opening]  Vienna Philharmonic  Timpani solo  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  short  plagal
 D’Indy  Choral Varié, Op. 55 [page 7]  Iceland Symphony Orch.  Trumpet solo  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  short  narrow
 D’Indy  Choral Varié, Op. 55 [reh. 7]  Iceland Symphony Orch.  E-flat Sax. solo  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  short  narrow
 Brahms  49 Volkslieder, No. 29 “Es war ein Markgraf”  Elizabeth Schwarzkopf (sopr.)  Soprano  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  plagal
 Tchaikovsky  Festival Overture on the Danish Nat. Anthem [before Allegro]  London Symphony (G. Simon, cond.)  Flutes  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  short  authentic

 

Diatonic, major, dominant (7th) Leaps:

Back to Index

 Composer  Title  Performer  Instrument  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  Length  Range
 Dvorák  Symphony No. 9, “New World,” I. [reh. 5]  Unknown  Flute/violins  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  plagal
 Prokofiev  Lieutenant Kijé Suite, Op. 60 [opening]  Czecho-Slovak State Phil.  Cornet  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  short  plagal
 Mussorgsky/Ravel  Pictures at an Exhibition, “Great Gate of Kiev”  Slovac Phil. [Nazareth, cond.]  Brass ens.  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  plagal
 Williams, John  Summon the Heros (from 1998 Olympics)  Boston Pops [Williams, cond.]  Trumpet solo  Audio  Blank  Answer  none  medium  authentic
 Dvorák  Scherzo Capriccioso, Op. 66 [opening]  Cleveland Orchestra  Horns  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  short  plagal
 Brahms  49 Volkslieder, WoO 33, No. 6 “Da unten im Tale”  Edith Wiens  Soprano  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  narrow
 Brahms  49 Volkslieder, WoO 33, No. 8 “Ach, englische Schläferin”  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau (bari.)  Baritone solo  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  plagal
 Brahms  49 Volkslieder, WoO 33, No. 16 “Wach auf mein Herzensschöne”  Peter Schreier (tenor)  Tenor solo  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  authentic
 Rossini  The Silk Ladder, Overture [reh. 2]  New York Phil. (Bernstein)  Oboe solo  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  wide
 Berlioz  Roman Carnival, Overture [reh. 15]  Cologne Philharmonic  Bassoon  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  short  authentic
 Mozart  Flute Concerto, K. 314, III. [solo]  Vienna Mozart Ens. (Kurt Berger, ft.)  Flute solo  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  short  wide
 Bizet  Symphony No. 2, “Roma”  National Orchestra of Lille  Clarinet solo  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  wide
 Brahms  49 Volkslieder, WoO 33, No. 19 “Nur ein Gesicht”  Peter Schreier (tenor)  Tenor  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  plagal
 Sibelius  Spring Song, Op. 16 [reh. B]  Lahti Symphony Orchestra (Vänskä)  Strings  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  long  plagal
 Dvoràk  American Suite, I. [reh. 6]  Royal Philharmonic  Oboes/Bsns.  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  short  plagal
 Schubert  Die Schöne Müllerin, 1. Das Wandern  Fritz Wunderlich  Tenor  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  long  plagal
 Cambini  Wind Quintet No. 1, I. Allegro [opening]  Avalon Wind Quintet  Wind Quintet  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  short  plagal
 Mozart  Concerto for Horn, K.495, III. Rondo [opening]  Barry Tuckwell, horn  Horn solo  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  short  wide

 

 

Diatonic, major, subdominant (6^):

Back to Index

 Composer  Title  Performer  Instrument  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  Length  Range
 Beethoven  Symphony No. 6, Op. 68, I. [opening]  Vienna Philharmonic  Violin  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  short  plagal
 Berlioz  Grande Symphonie Funèbre et Triomphale, III. Apotheose [reh. 1]  Berlin Philharmonic  Band tutti  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  long  authentic
 Holst  Second Suite for Band, I. [opening]  NHK Sym. Orch. Winds [Tokyo]  Band tutti  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  authentic
 Mahler  Symphony No. 1, IV. [ending]  Vienna Philharmonic [Bernstein]  Horns/Tbns.  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  authentic
 Mozart  Don Giovanni, “La Ci Darem La Mano”  Bryn Terfel, Monica Groop, London Phil. [Solti]  Bari./Sopr.  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  plagal
 Stravinsky  Firebird, “Round Dance of the Princesses”  Israeli Philharmonic [Bernstein]  Violins  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  plagal
 Stravinsky  Petroushka, “Dance of the Wet Nurses”  Montreal Symphony  Horn/Violins  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  plagal
 Vaughan Williams  English Folk Song Suite, I. [p.5]  St. Martin-in-the-Fields [Marriner]  Clarinet/Flt.  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  short  plagal
 Brahms  Academic Festival Overture, Op. 80 [finale: “Gaudeamus igitur”]  London Philharmonic  Tpt./Violins  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  long  plagal
 Brahms  Symphony No. 1, Op. 68, IV. [“Beethoven” theme]  London Philharmonic  Vlns./Vlas.  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  long  plagal
 Dvorák  Symphony No. 9, Op. 95 “New World,” II. [opening]  Unknown  Eng. Horn  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  long  authentic
 Franck  “Panis Angelicus,” from Mass, Op. 12  Unknown  Cello solo  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  long  plagal
 Granger, Percy  Arr. Londonderry Air (Danny Boy)  Royal Northern College Wind Ensemble  Brass ens.  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  long  wide
 Ravel  Bolero [major key theme]  Denver Symphony  B-flat Clarinet  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  long  authentic
 Tchaikovsky  Symphony No. 6 “Pathetique,” I. [reh. A]  Seoul Phil. Orch.  A Clar. solo  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  wide
 Wagner  Die Meistersinger, Overture [opening]  Polish National Radio Sym. Orch.  Orch. tutti  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  long  plagal
 Mozart  “Si mostra la sorte,” K. 209  Gösta Winbergh  Tenor solo  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  authentic
 Brahms  49 Volkslieder, WoO 33, No. 3 “Gar lieblich hat sich gesellet”  Eugen Hilti (baritone)  Baritone solo  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  narrow
 Brahms  49 Volkslieder, WoO 33, No. 13 “Wach auf, mein Hort”  Peter Schreier (t.), Edith Mathis (s.)  Tenor/Sopr.  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  long  plagal
 Brahms  49 Volkslieder, WoO 33, No. 18 “So wünch ich ihr”  Peter Schreier (tenor)  Tenor solo  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  authentic
 Mussorgsky/Ravel  Pictures at an Exhibition, Promenade  Chicago Symphony (Solti)  Tpt./Brass ens.  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  short  plagal
 Prokofiev  Lieutenant Kijé Suite, Op. 60, IV. Kroïka [reh. 51]  London Symphony (Marriner)  Horns/Tpts.  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  long  authentic
 Bizet  Arlesienne Suite No. 2, III. Minuet [opening]  French National Orchestra  Flute/Harp  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  long  wide
 Mozart  Clarinet Quintet, K.581, II. [opening]  St. Martin in the Fields Chamber Ens.  Clarinet  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  short  plagal
 Mozart  Clarinet Quintet, K.581, III. Minuet [opening]  St. Martin in the Fields Chamber Ens.  Clarinet  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  authentic
 Saint-Saëns  Carnival of the Animals, “The Swan” [opening]  Royal Phil. Orchestra  Cello  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  wide
 Brahms  49 Volkslieder, WoO 33, No. 26 “Ach könnt ich diesen Abend”  Peter Schreier (tenor)  Tenor solo  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  plagal
 Brahms  49 Volkslieder, WoO 33, No. 22. “Wo gehst du hin, du Stolze?”  Peter Schreier (tenor)  Tenor solo  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  plagal

 

 

Diatonic, minor, subdominant (6^):

Back to Index

 Composer  Title  Performer  Instrument  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  Length  Range
 Dvorák  Serenade for Winds, IV. [opening]  London Winds  Winds tutti  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  short  authentic
 Tchaikovsky  Symphony No. 6 “Pathetique,” II. [reh. D]  Seoul Phil. Orch.  Violins/Cellos  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  plagal
 Tchaikovksy  Symphony No. 4, Op. 36, I. [m.21]  Vienna Phil. (Karajan)  Clar./Bsn.  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  short  narrow
 Mussorgsky/Ravel  Pictures at an Exhibition, IV. Bydlo  Chicago Symphony (Reiner)  Tuba solo  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  long  wide
 Tchaikovsky  Swan Lake Suite, No. 1 “Lake of Swans” [m.1]  London Phil. (Scholtz, cond.)  Oboe solo  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  short  plagal

 

Diatonic, minor, variable 6^ & 7^:

Back to Index

 Device  Composer  Title  Performer  Instrument  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  Length  Range
 D2 Sequence  Tchaikovsky  Symphony No. 4, Op. 36, II. [opening]  Vienna Phil. (Karajan)  Oboe solo  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  long  plagal
 D2 Sequence  Purcell  Abdelazer Suite, II. Rondo  Roger Norrington Orch.  Strings  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  wide

 

 

Diatonic, large leaps:

Back to Index

 Composer  Title   Performer   Instrument  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  Length  Range
 Bizet  Patrie, Op. 19 [reh. L]  Unknown  Clar./Oboe/Vla.  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  wide
 Goldsmith, Jerry  Star Trek Opening Title [motive]  Unknown  Horn/Trumpet  Audio  Blank  Answer  none  short  plagal
 Williams, John  Jurassic Park Title [introduction]  Unknown  Horn solo  Audio  Blank  Answer  non  short  plagal
 Brahms  Clarinet Sonata, Op. 120, No. 1  Yona Etlinger (c.) Pnina Salzman (p.)  Clarinet solo  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  wide

 

 

Major key, using #4^:

Back to Index

 Composer  Title  Performer  Instrument  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  Length  Range
 Beethoven  Symphony No. 4, Op. 60 II. [opening]  Bavarian State Orchestra  Violins  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  short  authentic
 Beethoven  Symphony No. 3, Op. 55, “Eroica,” IV. [opening]  Unknown  String pizz.  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  short  plagal
 Brahms  49 Volkslieder, WoO 33, No. 2, “Erlaube mir, fein’s Mädchen”  Hermann Prey (tenor)  Tenor solo  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  long  plagal
 Berlioz  Roman Carnival, Overture [Andante]  Cologne Philharmonic  Eng. Horn  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  long  authentic
 Bizet  Arlesienne Suite No. 2, II. Intermezzo [opening]  Seoul Art Center Orch.  Orch. tutti  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  short  plagal
 Prokofiev  Peter and the Wolf, The Cat [reh. 11]  Melbourne Symphony  Clarinet  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  plagal
 Mozart  Clarinet Concerto, K. 622, III. [opening]  Cleveland Orchestra (Robert Marcellus, cl.)  Clarinet  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  long  authentic
 Strauss, J.  On the Beautiful Blue Danube  Vienna Phil. (Redel, cond.)  Hn./Bs./Str.  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  long  wide
 Telemann  Concerto for Trumpet in D, IV. Allegro  Berlin Phil. (Marc André, tpt.)  Trumpet solo  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  narrow
 Mozart  Horn Concerto, K.447, II. Larghetto  Radek Baborák, horn  Horn solo  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  short  wide

 

 

Minor key, using #4^:

Back to Index

 Composer  Title  Performer  Instrument  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  Length  Range
 Tchaikovsky  Symphony No. 4, Op. 36, IV. [m.10]  Vienna Phil. (Karajan)  Woodwinds  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  narrow
 Rossini  Barber of Seville, Overture  Tonkünstler-Orchester Niederösterreich  Strings/Flt.  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  plagal

 

 

Non-modulating chromaticism (applied chords, N, P):

Back to Index

Device  Composer  Title  Performer  Instrument  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  Length  Range
 Chr. Neighbor  Tchaikovksy  Swan Lake, “Danse Napolitaine”  Milan Symphony Orch.  Trumpet solo  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  long  authentic
 Chr. Neighbor  Tchaikovsky  Swan Lake Suite, III. Dances of the Swans  London Phil. (Scholtz, cond.)  Oboe  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  long  plagal
 Chr. Passing  Weber  Der Freischutz Overture [opening]  Unknown  Horns  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  long  authentic
 Applied V/iv  Brahms  Symphony No. 3, Op. 90, III. [opening]  London Symphony Orch.  Cellos  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  long  authentic
 Aug. 6th  Dvorák  Symphony No. 8, Op. 88, III. [opening]  Unknown  Violins  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  wide
 Chr. Passing  Franck  Symphony in D minor, II. [reh. A]  Philadelphia Orchestra  Eng. horn solo  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  authentic
 Applied V/vi  Beethoven  Symphony No. 4, Op. 60 II. [opening]  Bavarian State Orchestra  Violins  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  authentic
 Applied viio7/V  Saint-Saëns  Symphony No. 3 with Organ, II.  Pannon Phil. Orch. (Vass, cond.)  Strings unis.  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  long  plagal
 Chr. Passing  Strauss, R.  Sonatina No. 1, II. [opening]  Amade Horn Ensemble  Horn solo  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  plagal
 #4^ & appl. sequ.  Tchaikovksy  Symphony No. 5, Op. 64, II. [opening]  Moscow City Symphony  Horn solo  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  long  plagal
 Appl. sequ. & chr. pass.  Tchaikovsky  Romeo and Juliet Overture [m.389]  London Symphony Orchestra  Strings  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  plagal
 Mixture (flat 6)  Tchaikovsky  Romeo and Juliet Overture [reh. 26]  London Symphony Orchestra  Trumpets  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  short  plagal
 Chr. Passing  Tchaikovsky  Symphony No. 6 “Pathetique,” IV. [reh. C]  Seoul Phil. Orchestra  Violins  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  long  plagal
 CT dim. 7 / app. dim. 7  Rossini  Semiramide, Overture [opening]  Vienna Phil. (Riccardo Muti)  Horns  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  plagal
 Chr. Passing  Grieg  Peer Gynt Suite 1, IV. Hall of the Mountain King  Ulster Orchestra [Handley, cond.]  Strings/ww.  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  short  authentic
 Neapolitan  Mahler  Symphony No. 3, I. [opening]  Vienna Phil. (Bernstein)  Horns  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  long  plagal
 Chr. Neighbor  Bizet  Arlesienne Suite No. 2, Pastorale [opening]  Seoul Arts Center Orchestra  Orch. tutti  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  plagal
 Chr. Neighbors  Mozart  Marriage of Figaro, Overture [opening]  Vienna Phil. (Muto)  Strings unis.  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  narrow
 Chr. Neighbor  Bizet  Arlesienne Suite No. 1, Minuet [reh. B]  Phil. Orchestra of Mexico  Sax./Clar.  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  authentic
 Chr. Neighbor  Mozart  Flute Concerto, K. 314, II. [m.11]  Berlin Phil. (Pahud, flute)  Flute solo  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  plagal
 Chr. Neighbor  Mozart  Flute Concerto, K. 314, I. [opening]  Berlin Phil. (Pahud, flute)  Flute/Vlns.  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  narrow
 Chr. Voice Leading  Bizet  Carmen Suite 2, Bohemian Dance [reh. C]  St. Louis Symphony  Oboe/Clar.  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  plagal
 Chr. Neighbors  Tchaikovsky  Nutcracker Suite, III. Waltz of the Flowers  Unknown  Vla./Cello  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  long  wide
 Chr. Neighbors  Tchaikvosky  Swan Lake Suite, III. Dances of the Swans  London Phil. (Scholtz, cond.)  Strings  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  plagal
 Chr. Neighbors  Tchaikovsky  Swan Lake Suite, II. “Waltz” [reh. 13]  London Phil. (Scholtz, cond.)  Trumpet solo  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  authentic
 App. Dominants  Tchaikovsky  Festival Overture on the Danish Nat. Anthem  London Symphony (G. Simon, cond.)  Brass  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  long  wide
 App. Dominant  Tchaikovsky  Dmitri the Pretender  USSR Radio Symphony Orch.  Oboe solo  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  authentic
 App. Dominants  Schubert  Die Schöne Müllerin, VIII. Morgengruß  Fritz Wunderlich, tenor  Tenor  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  long  plagal
 Mixture (flat 3/5)  Vaughan Williams  Tuba Concerto, II. Romanza  London Symphony, John Fletcher, Tuba  Tuba solo  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  long  authentic
 Chr. Passing  Beethoven  Duos for Clarinet and Bassoon; 1, III. Rondo  Ottetto Italiano  Clarinet  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  short  plagal
 App. Dom. (ii)  Haydn  London Trio No. 1, I. Allegro [opening]  Rampal (f.), Stern (v.), Rostropovich (c.)  Flute  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  authentic
 Chr. Passing  Haydn  London Trio No. 4, I. Allegro [opening]  Rampal and Schultz (f.), Audin (bassoon)  Flutes/Bassoon  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  authentic
 Chr. Neighbor  Beethoven  Duets for Two Obbligato Eyeglasses No. 1, I.  Unknown  Viola/Cello  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  authentic

 

 

Modulating to V from major or minor:

Back to Index

 Composer  Title  Performer  Instrument  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  Length  Range
 Mozart  Clarinet Concerto, K.622 II. [opening]  Cleveland Orch. (Robert Marcellus, clar.)  Clarinet  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  plagal
 Dvorák  Symphony No. 8, Op. 88, III. [opening]  Unknown  Violins  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  long  wide
 Beethoven  Piano Sonata Op. 14, No. 2, II. [opening]  Vladimir Ashkenazy  Piano solo  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  authentic
 Beethoven  Symphony No. 2, Op. 63, II. [opening]  London Symphony  Clarinet in A  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  plagal
 Rossini  Semiramide, Overture [opening]  Vienna Phil. (Riccardo Muti)  Horns  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  plagal
 Wagner  Die Walküre, Act. 3 “Ride of the Valkyries”  Bayreuth Festival Orchestra (Fischer, cond.)  Trombones  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  plagal
 Brahms  Symphony No. 2, Op. 73, III. [opening]  Unknown  Violins  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  wide
 Dvorák  Symphony No. 8, Op. 88, II. [opening]  Cleveland Orchestra  Flute/Oboe  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  wide
 Wagner  Tannhäuser, Overture [reh. A]  Berlin Philharmonic  Trombones  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  long  authentic
 Bizet  Carmen Suite 1, Intermezzo  Saint Louis Symphony  Flute/Clar.  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  long  wide
 Bizet  Patrie, Op. 19 [reh. I]  Unknown  Brass/ww.  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  wide
 Tchaikovsky  Variations on a Rococo Theme [theme]  Yo-Yo Ma, Temirkanov (cond.)  Cello solo  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  long  authentic
 Tchaikovsky  Variations on a Rococo Theme, Var. 3  Yo-Yo Ma, Temirkanov (cond.)  Cello solo  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  long  wide
 Telemann  Trumpet Concerto in D Major, Adagio  Berlin Phil. (Maurice André, tpt.)  Trumpet solo  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  authentic
 Schumann  Symphony No. 4, II. Romance  Tonhalle Zurich  Oboe solo  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  plagal
 Schubert  Die Schöne Müllerin, VI. Der Neugierige  Fritz Wunderlich, tenor  Tenor  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  long  plagal
 Ewald  Brass Quintet No. 1, I. Adagio  Center City Brass Quintet  Brass quintet  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  long  wide
 Beethoven  Duos for Clarinet and Bassoon; 3. Aria [theme]  Ottetto Italiano  Clarinet  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  wide

 

 

Modulating to III from minor:

Back to Index

 Composer  Title  Performer  Instrument  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  Length  Range
 Dvorák  Serenade for Winds, I. [opening]  London Winds  Wind ens.  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  long  plagal
 Grieg  Peer Gynt Suite 2, “Solveig’s Song” Ulster Orchestra [Handley, cond.]  Violins (muted)  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  plagal
 Wagner  Die Walküre, Act. 3 “Ride of the Valkyries”  Bayreuth Festival Orchestra (Fischer, cond.)  Trombones  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  short  plagal
 Beethoven  Symphony No. 3, Op. 55, II. “Funeral March”  Vienna Philharmonic (Rattle)  Violins/Oboe  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  long  plagal
 Brahms  49 Volkslieder, WoO 33, No. 12 “Feinsliebchen du solst”  Hermann Prey (t.) Pamela Coburn (s.)  Tenor/Sop.  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  long  plagal
 Brahms  49 Volkslieder, WoO 33, No. 15 “Schwesterlein”  Hermann Prey (t.) Pamela Coburn (s.)  Tenor/Sop.  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  plagal
 Brahms  49 Volkslieder, WoO 33, No. 17 “Ach Gott, wie weh tut Scheiden”  Peter Schreier (tenor)  Tenor solo  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  plagal
 Brahms  49 Volkslieder, WoO 33, No. 21 “Es ging ein Maidlein zarte”  Andreas Scholl (tenor)  Tenor solo  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  authentic
 Beethoven  Duos for Clarinet and Bassoon; 2. II. Larghetto  Ottetto Italiano  Clarinet  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  short  plagal

 

 

Modulating to not V or III, or multiple:

Back to Index

 Goal  Composer  Title  Performer  Instrumentation  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  Length  Range
 v  Brahms  Symphony No. 2, Op. 73, III. [opening]  Unknown  Oboe solo  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  long  wide
 vi  Tchaikovsky  Symphony No. 6, “Pathetique” III. [reh. H]  Seoul Sym. Orch.  A Clarinets  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  wide
 v  Grieg  Peer Gynt Suite 1, III. “Anitra’s Dance”  Ulster Orchestra [Handley, cond.]  Violins  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  wide
 III  Tchaikovksy  Symphony No. 5, Op. 64, II. [opening]  Moscow City Symphony  Horn solo  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  long  plagal
 iii  Berlioz  Grande Symphonie Funèbre et Triomphale, II. “Oraison funèbre”  Royal N. College Wind Orch, (Joseph Alessi, solo)  Trombone solo  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  long  authentic
 i>I  Dvorák  Symphony No. 88, Op. 88, I. [opening]  Israeli Philharmonic  Cellos  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  long  authentic
 III & V  Grieg  Peer Gynt Suite 1, I. “Morning Mood”  Armonie Symphony Orchestra  Fl./Ob./Vln.  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  long  authentic
 ii  Humperdinck  Hänsel & Gretel, Prelude  Birmingham Festival Orchestra  Horns  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  authentic
v  Brahms  49 Volkslieder, WoO 33, No. 14 “Maria ging aus wandern”  Edith Wiens (soprano)  Soprano solo  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  plagal
 IV  Prokofiev  Lieutenant Kijé Suite, Op. 60, III. Kijé’s Wedding [reh. 27]  London Symphony (Marriner)  Cornet solo  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  authentic
 iii  Tchaikovsky  Symphony No. 4, Op. 36, III. [opening]  Vienna Phil. (Karajan)  String pizz.  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  plagal
 many  Bizet  Arlesienne Suite No. 2, II. Intermezzo [reh. B]  Seoul Arts Center Orchestra  Woodwinds  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  long  wide
 iii  Bizet  L’Arlesienne Suite No. 1, Overture [reh. E]  Phil. Orch. of Mexico  E-flat Sax. solo  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  long  wide
 V, I  Bizet  Carmen Suite 1, Dragons of d’Alcala  Saint Louis Symphony  Bassoons  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  long  authentic
 iii  Saint-Saëns  Carnival of the Animals, “The Elephant”  Royal Phil. Orchestra  String Bass  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  long  wide
 V, vi  Tchaikovsky  Variations on a Rococo Theme [theme]  Yo-Yo Ma, Temirkanov (cond.)  Cello solo  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  long  wide
 V, iii  Tchaikovsky  Variations on a Rococo Theme, Var. 3  Yo-Yo Ma, Temirkanov (cond.)  Cello solo  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  long  wide
 iii  Tchaikovsky  Sleeping Beauty Suite, Introduction [Andantino]  Vienna Phil. (Karajan)  Eng. Horn  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  authentic
 V, vi  Rimsky-Korsakov  Concerto for Trombone, (II.) Andante  Royal Northern College of Music Wind Orchestra, Jacques Mauger, trombone  Trombone solo  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  long  authentic
 V, vi  Beethoven  Duos for Clarinet and Bassoon; 3. II. Aria [theme]  Ottetto Italiano  Clarinet solo  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  long  wide

 

Modal:

Back to Index

 Mode  Composer  Title  Performer  Instrumentation  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  Length  Range
 Lydian  Prokofiev  Leutenant Kijé Suite. I. [reh. 1]  Berlin Phil. (Ozawa)  Piccolo solo  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  short  wide
 Mixolydian  Goldsmith  Star Trek Next Gen. Main Theme  Unknown  Trumpet  Audio  Blank  Answer  none  short  plagal
 Dorian  Saint-Saëns  Carnival of the Animals, Lion’s March [reh. 3]  Royal Phil. Orch.  Strings  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  short  narrow

 

Ambiguous mode:

Back to Index

 Composer  Title  Performer  Instrumentation  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  Length
 Dvorák  Symphony No. 8, Op. 88, IV. [opening]  Israeli Philharmonic  Trumpets  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium
 Rimsky-Korsakov  Scheherazade, I. [opening]  Berlin Philharmonic  Trombones  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  short
 Stravinsky  Petroushka, “Russian Dance”  Minnesota Orchestra  WW./piano  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium

 

Bass Dictation:

Back to Index

 Device  Composer  Title  Performer  Instrumentation  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  Length  Range
 Major, PD  Holst  First Suite for Band, I. Chaconne [theme]  N. Texas Wind Symphony  Low Brass  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  plagal
 Minor, outline i  Bach, J.S.  Passacaglia, BWV 582 [theme]  Hans-Andre Stamm  Organ  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  plagal
 Diatonic  Prokofiev  Lieutenant Kijé Suite, Op. 60, III. Kijé’s Wedding [reh. 26]  London Philharmonic (Marriner)  Low brass unis.  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  short  plagal

 

Outer Voice Dictation:

Back to Index

 Device  Composer  Title  Performer  Instrumentation  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  Length  Range
 Min. to III  Dvorák  Serenade for Winds, I. [opening]  London Winds  Wind ens.  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  long  plagal
 Diatonic, stepwise  Beethoven  Symphony No. 5, Op. 67, IV. [opening]  Berlin Phil. (Karajan)  Orch. tutti  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  authentic
 Diatonic, phrase mod.  Berlioz  Grande Symphonie Funèbre et Triomphale, III. Apotheose  Berlin Phil.  Band tutti  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  authentic
 Diatonic, phrase mod.  Dvorák  Symphony No. 9, “New World,” I. [reh. 5]  Unknown  Flute/Violins  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  short  plagal
 Diatonic, phrase mod.  Handel  Messiah, “Comfort Ye” [opening]  St. Martin in the Field  Strings  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  authentic
 Maj. to V  Beethoven  Symphony No. 2, Op. 63, II. [opening]  London Symphony  Clarinet in A  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  plagal
 Diatonic  Handel  Messiah, Part 3, “The Trumpet Shall Sound”  Orchestra of the Antipodes, Leanne Sullivan (tpt.)  Trumpet  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  wide
 Chr. Passing  Beethoven  Duos for Clarinet and Bassoon; 1, III. Rondo  Ottetto Italiano  Clar./Bassoon  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  short  plagal
 Chr. P./Mod. to III  Beethoven  Duos for Clarinet and Bassoon; 2. II. Larghetto  Ottetto Italiano  Clar./Bassoon  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  short  plagal
 Diatonic/Chr. P.  Haydn  London Trio No. 2. I. Andante  Rampal and Schultz (f.), Audin (bassoon)  Bassoon  Audio  Blank  Answer  Original  medium  authentic